Key questions in philosophy

This broad-ranging module investigates five different topics in philosophy: truth in fiction, the justice of war, reason and action, life and death, knowledge and reason. Each topic is approached through a set of key questions that are significant, accessible and engaging. Why do people seek out art that makes them cry? Can a war be fought justly? Can organisations be held responsible for what they do? What might it mean to say that life is sacred? Is science rational? The study materials will enable you to examine these questions in some depth while leaving space for independent study and reflection.

Course facts
About this course:
Course code A333
Credits 60
OU Level 3
SCQF level 10
FHEQ level 6
Course work includes:
5 Tutor-marked assignments (TMAs)
End-of-module assessment
No residential school

What you will study

The five topics are addressed via the module books, which are described below. The discussion in the module books is supported by extensive audio interviews with prominent present day philosophers and by a selection of interactive online activities. The module also aims to develop the skills and confidence needed for independent study in philosophy: this is done in a gradual and supported way.

The value of the skills and topics taught is not limited to academic study, though the module does give a sound basis for further study in philosophy and other subjects.

Book 1: Truth in fiction
When people read novels or watch films, they often become emotionally involved with the story. Yet this phenomenon can seem quite puzzling. How can it be rational for people to feel happy or sad about events that never actually happened or to care about the fate of people who do not exist? Why do people seem to seek out stories that make them feel frightened or sad? As you will discover, these questions lead on to some broader issues about the purpose and value of narrative art. This opening book will allow you to explore these questions through readings from two classic texts – Plato's Ion and David Hume's essay Of Tragedy – as well as addressing the contemporary debate.

Book 2: War
Can there be justice in war? Is there a clear moral distinction between killing combatants and killing non-combatants? Are there circumstances – situations of supreme emergency – in which it is justifiable to suspend the accepted conventions of war? Should all soldiers be treated in the same way, regardless of whether their cause is just? This book will guide you through some of the core ideas of Just War Theory and recent criticisms of this approach.

Book 3: Reason in action
We tend to assume that people are, by and large, rational agents, their actions guided by reason. This shows up in our readiness to reason with one another over how best to proceed, and to hold people responsible for what they do. But what does rational agency really amount to? The module book explores this topic through three related questions: Are some goals more rational than others, and if so, which ones? How is it that we sometimes seem to act contrary to our better judgement ('weakness of will')? When we act collectively, who is responsible: is it the individuals involved or a 'group agent' – an organisation, a country, a family?

Book 4: Life and death
This module book explores four related questions about the value of life and the significance of death. People sometimes say that life is sacred – but how should we understand this claim? Is death bad for the person who dies, or only for the people who are left behind? Is it good to be born? Can we make any sense of the idea that a life might (or might not) be meaningful?

Book 4: Knowledge and reason
Just as we might assume that people are, by and large, rational agents, so we might assume that people are, by and large, capable of thinking rationally and forming rational beliefs. Could scientific research into the ways in which people actually reason undermine this assumption? Do we have good reasons to believe what we are told? Is science itself a fully rational enterprise? This book will explore these questions through a variety of texts, including extracts from works by David Hume and Thomas Reid, as well writings by a number of contemporary thinkers.

You will learn

In addition to investigating the philosophical questions described above, you will develop the reasoning and other abilities you will need to engage with these questions yourself. You will learn how to understand the structure of complex debates, to present an argument both through essays and through a short presentation, and to engage with controversial issues in a reasoned way. You will also develop the skills needed for independent study and reflection. These abilities are highly valued by employers looking for staff able to approach complex and perplexing situations and to offer clear and sound arguments in response.

Entry

This is an OU level 3 module. OU level 3 modules build on study skills and subject knowledge acquired from previous studies at OU levels 1 and 2. They are intended only for students who have recent experience of higher education in a related subject, preferably at the OU.

Although the module does not assume that you have studied philosophy before, it is fairly demanding. We strongly recommended our OU level 2 module, Exploring philosophy (A222), as preparation if you have not studied this subject before.

If you have any doubt about the suitability of the module, please speak to an adviser.

Preparatory work

No preparatory work is necessary, but if you would like to do some reading in advance, Simon Blackburn's Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2001) is an accessible introductory book.

Study materials

What's included

Five module books and a website containing a study planner, a module guide, online exercises, audio recordings and electronic versions of all the printed study materials.

Computing requirements

A computing device with a browser and broadband internet access is required for this module. Any modern browser will be suitable for most computer activities. Functionality may be limited on mobile devices.

Any additional software will be provided, or is generally freely available. However, some activities may have more specific requirements. For this reason, you will need to be able to install and run additional software on a device that meets the requirements below.

A desktop or laptop computer with either:

  • Windows 7 or higher
  • macOS 10.7 or higher

The screen of the device must have a resolution of at least 1024 pixels horizontally and 768 pixels vertically.

To participate in our online-discussion area you will need both a microphone and speakers/headphones.

Our Skills for OU study website has further information including computing skills for study, computer security, acquiring a computer and Microsoft software offers for students.

Teaching and assessment

Support from your tutor

You will have a tutor who will help you with the study material and who will mark and comment on your written work. Your tutor will use a blend of methods that will include face-to-face tutorials and moderated online discussion forums. The use of a blend of this kind is designed to help students benefit from tuition whatever their circumstances.

Contact us if you want to know more about study with The Open University before you register.

Assessment

The assessment details for this module can be found in the facts box above.

You will be expected to submit your tutor-marked assignments (TMAs) online through the eTMA system unless there are some difficulties which prevent you from doing so. In these circumstances, you must negotiate with your tutor to get their agreement to submit your assignment on paper.

If you have a disability

The OU strives to make all aspects of study accessible to everyone. The Accessibility Statement below outlines what studying this module involves. You should use this information to inform your study preparations and any discussions with us about how we can meet your needs.

Mode of study

The core module materials are provided in hard copy and online, but other study material is provided in an online format only. Online materials are composed of pages of text with images, audio/video clips of 1 - 22 minutes in length, self-assessment quizzes and assessment materials. Online materials also include links to external resources, online forums and online tutorial rooms. Transcripts and subtitles are available for audio-visual materials.

Tuition strategy

This module provides a range of learning events including face-to-face tutorials. Each face-to-face tutorial offers an online alternative. Although not compulsory, attendance at tutorials will help you consolidate your learning.

Diagrams and other visual content

The study materials contain some images. Figure descriptions are provided for figures. These do not form a key part of the assessment.

Finding information

You may be encouraged to search for, and make use of, third party material online.

Assessment

This module has five Tutor-Marked Assignments (TMAs), and an End-of-Module Assignment (EMA) which must be submitted online via the OU electronic TMA system. Special submission arrangements can be made where appropriate.

Feedback

You will receive feedback from your tutor on your submitted Tutor-Marked Assignments (TMAs). This will help you to reflect on your TMA performance. You should refer to it to help you prepare for your next assignment.

Schedule

All University modules are structured according to a set timetable and you will need time-management skills to keep your studies on track. You will be supported in developing these skills.

Future availability

Key questions in philosophy starts once a year – in October. This page describes the module that will start in October 2018. We expect it to start for the last time in October 2025.

This course is expected to start for the last time in October 2025.